The Salmon Farm Monitor
An rud bhios na do bhrςin, cha bhi e na do thiomhnadh
“That which you have wasted will not be there for future generations”


Immediate Release, Sunday 20th October 2002

Sunday Herald labels farmed salmon from Tesco's, Safeway, Asda, M&S and Sainsbury's as the "most contaminated food on the shelf"; new web-site rattles Scottish 'Quality' Salmon's cage

Responding to today's Sunday Herald article - "Farm Salmon is Now Most Contaminated Food on Shelf - nationwide protest outside supermarkets planned as anti-fish farming group urge shoppers to boycott cage-reared salmon" (
http://www.sundayherald.com/28565) - The Salmon Farm Protest Group (SFPG) referred consumers to their new web-site - The Salmon Farm Monitor: http://www.salmonfarmmonitor.org.

The web-site includes a 'Key Questions' section (see "Is it true that supermarket salmon can contain pesticide residues?") providing a link to those supermarkets selling contaminated farmed salmon (including Tesco, Asda, Safeway, M&S, Sainsbury's, Waitrose and Morrisons). The SFPG is planning a protest outside over 200 supermarkets in ca. 90 towns, villages and cities across Scotland, England, Wales and Ireland on Saturday 26th October.

This week's Committee on Toxicity report identifies fresh farmed salmon as the worst of "the worst-case occurrences of multiples pesticide residues" of all foodstuffs in terms of contamination of DDT, dieldrin
and hexachlorobenzene [2]. The COT report also refers to a survey by the Pesticide Residues Committee which found DDT, hexachlorobenzene and chlordane in 99% of fresh farmed salmon [3]. Contaminated farmed salmon was bought last year in supermarkets across England, Scotland and Wales, including*:

Asda (Brighton, Canterbury, Dundee, Gateshead, Liverpool, Llandudno, Wheatley)
M&S (Shoreham in Sussex, Eltham High St in London)
Morrisons (Small Heath in Birmingham, Pontefract)
Safeway (Dundee, Malvern, Plymouth, Sheffield)
Sainsbury's (Bamber Bridge, Hove, Leeds, London, Norwich, Oxford, Sheffield)
Tesco (Chorley, Dundee, Liverpool, Llandudno, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Plymouth, Rotherhithe, Shoreham, Worcester)
Waitrose (Finchley Rd in London, Malvern, Thame in Oxfordshire)

* For a full list of the 73 samples of fresh salmon sampled with names of supermarkets and addresses see Note 3 or go direct to the Pesticides Residues Committee data:
http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/committees/PRC/fourthq2001rev1/q4annexrev1.pdf


Don Staniford, SFPG member and author of "The Five Fundamental Flaws of Sea Cage Fish Farming" (available directly on The Salmon Farm Monitor:
http://www.salmonfarmmonitor.org/problems.html), said:

"Farmed salmon is the worst of the worst of all contaminated foods on our supermarket shelves. According to the Pesticides Residues Committee fresh farmed salmon is four times more contaminated than canned wild salmon (99% compared to 24%). Clearly customers should be choosing canned salmon rather than fresh salmon and that means steering clear of contaminated farmed salmon and 'going wild'. So-called Scottish 'quality' salmon is a sham, a scam and a consumer con: it is not Scottish (ca. 80% of production is controlled by Norway and the Netherlands), quality was sacrificed for quantity a long time ago (140,000 tonnes of farmed Scottish salmon were produced in 2001 compared to 30,000 in 1990 and less than 1,000 in 1980) and the flabby farmed freak sold cheaply by supermarkets is a poor relation to its wild distant cousin - a couch potato compared to the King of Fish"

'The Salmon Farm Monitor' has already provoked a withering attack from Scottish Quality Salmon [4]. A detailed response to 'Key Questions' on salmon farming issues is already provided by the Chairman of the SFPG, Bruce Sandison:
http://www.salmonfarmmonitor.org/documents/questions.html

Bruce Sandison, Chairman of The Salmon Farm Protest Group, said:

"I welcome an open debate on the subject of salmon farming and I refer people to our new web-site - The Salmon Farm Monitor - which answers many of the key questions. I invite Lord Lindsay and his colleagues at Scottish Quality Salmon to come along to any one of our peaceful protests next Saturday morning. There are plenty to choose from as we will be visiting 92 locations across Scotland, England, Wales and Ireland. It could be a day out for all the family. I owe it to my grandchildren to make sure that the food they eat is safe. Because of all the contaminants, artificial colourings and chemicals contained in
fake salmon, I wouldn't serve it to my cat let alone to my family"

For further information please see The Salmon Farm Monitor (
http://www.salmonfarmmonitor.org) or contact:

Bruce Sandison: Tel - 01847 611274 or 07974 863814
Don Staniford: Tel - 07880 716082 or 0131 553 6878


Notes to Editors

[1] The Salmon Farm Monitor was launched this week by The Salmon Farm Protest Group:
http://www.salmonfarmmonitor.org

The web-site will be up-dated to include news items and further details surrounding the protest on Saturday 26th October. Locations currently covered include: Aberdeen, Dublin, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Inverness and London (full details of the ca. 90 other places will be posted on the web-site). Links featured on the site also include "Ever Wonder What's Behind That Farmed Salmon Steak?" from Ecotrust which contains pictures and facts and footnotes on toxins in farmed salmon:
http://www.salmonnation.com/tour/intro.htm


[2] "Risk Assessment of Mixtures of Pesticides and Similar Substances" was published last week by the Committee on Toxicity of Chemicals in Food, Consumer Products and the Environment:
http://www.food.gov.uk/science/ouradvisors/toxicity/reports/cocktailreport

Table A3.2 (pp251-252) shows farmed salmon and trout as 100% contaminated with DDT, dieldrin and hexachlorobenzene; 54% contaminated with gamma-HCH and 17% with chlordane


[3] The Pesticide Residues Committee tested 73 samples of fresh salmon (1 was marked as wild and the others were farmed; 60 were labelled as from the UK) between January and December 2001 and detected DDT residues in 97% of samples (71 out of 73 samples - the wild sample was a negative: if this is removed then residues were found in 99% of samples - 71 out of 72) with 44% (32 samples) containing multiple residues (DDT, hexachlorobenzene and chlordane). In comparison, wild canned salmon was
much less contaminated with 24% (26 out of 108 samples) containing DDT and only 1% (1 sample) containing multiple residues (DDT and hexachlorobenzene). This information is presented in Table B (p5), Table 16 (pp356-369) and Table 17 (pp370-379). A commentary (pp29-31) includes the following:

"A total of 73 samples of fresh salmon were tested for 10 organochlorine pesticides. Residues were found in 71 (97%) of the samples tested. Samples originated as follows: 60 were of UK origin. 1 imported sample and 12 of unknown origin. Residues of chlordane, DDT and hexachlorobenzene were found: chlordane was found in 13 (18%) samples ranging from 0.002 to 0.006 mg/kg; DDT was found in 71 (97%) samples ranging from 0.003 to 0.04 mg/kg; hexachlorobenzene was found in 31 (42%) samples ranging from 0.002 to 0.003 mg/kg...Two organic samples were tested and were found to contain residues of DDT and hexachlorobenzene in one of them, and DDT in the other one. UKROFS have
been informed of the results" (p30)

"The residues found in the fresh salmon are associated with the fat content of the fresh salmon. The Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS) were asked to comment on these findings, and they note that the residue profile and the concentrations of the residues found are expected and not surprising. Contamination may arise from contaminated pelleted feed. Farmed salmon are reared on feed that is high in fish oils derived from a variety of sources e.g. capelin, sardine, herring, pilchard. The organochlorine content of the feed pellets would vary from batch to batch depending on the source of the fish oils and meal, but the feed can contain considerable levels. Thirty two (44%) samples were found to contain multiple residues, of up to 3"(p30)

"Previous survey results - Results 1997: A total of 14 samples of farmed fresh salmon were taken in 1997 and tested for 9 organochlorine pesticides. Chlordane, gamma-HCH, DDT, hexachlorobenzene and dieldrin residues were found. All (100%) of the samples of salmon contained one or more residues, up to 4 multiple residues. All the samples were of UK origin" (p31)

http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/committees/PRC/fourthq2001rev1/q4rep-01rev1.pdf
http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/committees/PRC/fourthq2001rev1/q4sumtabsrev1.pdf

The PRC report - Pesticide Residues Monitoring Report Fourth Quarter Results (October-December 2001) - is can be downloaded also from:


http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/committees/PRC/2001.htm

An appendix lists all samples of canned and fresh salmon tested last year by the PRC:


http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/committees/PRC/fourthq2001rev1/q4annexrev1.pdf

The list includes [data presented as retail outlet, address, date of sampling, description, country of origin, pesticide residues found]

Asda, Canterbury in Kent (25.09.01): Salmon fillets (UK) - DDT (0.008)
Asda, Aintree in Liverpool (25.09.01): Salmon fillets (UK) - DDT (0.009)
Asda, Dundee (24.07.01): Salmon tail fillets (UK) - DDT (0.005)
Asda, Wheatley in Oxon (21.08.01): Salmon rollback steaks (UK) - DDT
(0.02), HCB (0.003), Chlordane (0.002)
Asda, Hollingbury in Brighton (21.08.01): Salmon steaks (Unknown) – DDT (0.0009)
Asda, Clayton Green in Preston (26.06.01): Scottish salmon fillets (UK) - DDT (0.008)
Asda, Llandudno (30.10.01): Salmon fillets (Unknown) - DDT (0.02), HCB (0.003)
Asda, Gateshead (29.10.01): Salmon steaks (Unknown) - DDT (0.012), HCB (0.002)
Asda, Aintree in Liverpool (29.10.01): Skinless and boned salmon fillet portions (Unknown) - DDT (0.01), HCB (0.003), Chlordane (0.002)
Asda, Aintree in Liverpool (30.10.01): Salmon fillets (UK) - DDT (0.01), HCB (0.002)
Asda, Canterbury in Kent (30.10.01): Salmon steaks (Unknown) – DDT (0.009), HCB (0.002)
Asda, Canterbury in Kent (30.10.01): Skinless and boned salmon fillet portions (Unknown) - DDT (0.007)
Asda, Canterbury in Kent (27.11.01): Salmon steaks (UK) - DDT (0.01)

Marks & Spencer, Shoreham in Sussex (21.08.01): Fresh Scottish salmon fillet (UK) - DDT (0.01), HCB (0.002)
Marks & Spencer, Eltham in London (26.06.01): Skinless and boneless salmon fillet (UK) - DDT (0.009)
Safeway, Dundee (22.05.01): Scottish salmon fillets (UK) - DDT (0.003)
Safeway, Malvern (25.09.01): Scottish salmon fillets (UK) - DDT (0.01)
Safeway, Plymouth (21.08.01): Scottish salmon tail fillets (UK) – DDT (0.007)
Safeway, Sheffield (25.06.01): Scottish salmon fillets (UK) - DDT (0.01)
Safeway, Sheffiled (23.07.01): Scottish salmon steaks (UK) - DDT (0.01), HCB (0.002)
Safeway, Malvern (30.10.01): Fresh salmon (UK) - DDT (0.01), HCB (0.002)
Safeway, Malvern (27.11.01): Scottish salmon (UK) - DDT (0.009)

Sainsbury's, Bamber Bridge near Preston (22.05.01): Salmon side fillet (UK) - DDT (0.008)
Sainsbury's, Eltham in London (24.07.01): Salmon side fillet (Unknown) - DDT (0.008), HCB (0.002)
Sainsbury's, Leeds (25.09.01): Salmon steak (UK) - DDT (0.01), HCB (0.003), Chlordane (0.002)
Sainsbury's, Bamber Bridge near Preston (21.08.01): Salmon side fillet (UK) - DDT (0.01), HCB (0.003), Chlordane (0.002)
Sainsbury's, Bamber Bridge near Preston (21.08.01): Wild Alaskan salmon fillet (USA) - None were detected above the set RL
Sainsbury's, Sheffield (21.08.01): Salmon side fillet (UK) - DDT (0.01), HCB (0.003)
Sainsbury's, Hove near Brighton (25.06.01): Boneless salmon fillets (UK) - DDT (0.01)
Sainsbury's, Oxford (24.07.01): Salmon side fillet (UK) - DDT (0.01), HCB (0.002)
Sainsbury's, Walton in Liverpool (02.10.01): Salmon side fillet (UK) - DDT (0.01), HCB (0.003), Chlordane (0.002)
Sainsbury's, Norwich (13.11.01): Salmon tail fillets (Unknown) – DDT (0.008)
Somerfield, Sheffield (21.05.01): Salmon steaks (UK) - DDT (0.009)
Somerfield, Sheffield (21.05.01): Salmon fillets (Unknown) – DDT (0.009), HCB (0.002)

Tesco, Shoreham in Sussex (23.07.01): Salmon steaks (UK) - DDT (0.02), HCB (0.002)
Tesco, Dundee (21.08.01): Salmon fillets (UK) - DDT (0.01), HCB (0.002)
Tesco, Llandudno (25.09.01): Salmon fillets (UK) - DDT (0.02), HCB (0.002), Chlordane (0.003)
Tesco, Newcastle-upon-Tyne (25.09.01): Salmon fillets (Unknown) – DDT (0.02), HCB (0.002), Chlordane (0.002)
Tesco, Chorley (24.07.01): Salmon fillets (UK) - DDT (0.02), HCB (0.003)
Tesco, Plymouth (21.08.01): Salmon fillets (UK) - DDT (0.01)
Tesco, Rotherhithe in London (22.05.01): Skinless/boneless salmon fillet (UK) - DDT (0.01), HCB (0.002), Chlordane (0.002)
Tesco, Rotherhithe in London (22.05.01): Salmon fillets (UK) – DDT (0.009)
Tesco, Dundee (26.06.01): Salmon fillets (UK) - DDT (0.01)
Tesco, Llandudno (25.09.01): Two salmon steaks (UK) - DDT (0.04), HCB (0.003), Chlordane (0.006)
Tesco, Newcastle-upon-Tyne (30.10.01): Two organic salmon fillets (UK) - DDT (0.006)
Tesco, Newcastle-upon-Tyne (30.10.01): Six salmon fillets (UK) – DDT (0.01), HCB (0.002), Chlordane (0.002)
Tesco, Worcester (30.10.01): Salmon fillets (Unknown) - DDT (0.01), HCB (0.002)
Tesco, Plymouth (11.12.01): Salmon fillets (UK) - DDT (0.009)

Waitrose, Thame in Oxon (22.05.01): Salmon steak (UK) - DDT (0.01), HCB (0.002)
Waitrose, Thame in Oxon (26.06.01): Salmon (UK) - DDT (0.01), Chlordane (0.002)
Waitrose, Finchley Rd in London (12.06.01): Organic salmon steaks (UK) - DDT (0.01), HCB (0.003)
Waitrose, Finchley Rd in London (12.06.01): Skinless salmon fillets (Unknown) - DDT (0.007)
Waitrose, Malvern (30.10.01): Scots salmon fillets (UK) - DDT (0.008)
Wm Morrisons, Pontefract (29.10.01): Scottish salmon (UK) - DDT (0.01)
Wm Morrisons, Pontefract (26.11.01): Scottish salmon (UK) - DDT (0.01)
Wm Morrisons, Small Heath in Birmingham (11.12.01): Scottish salmon steaks (UK) - DDT (0.01)

From: Table 17 - Residues found in retail samples of fresh salmon in 2001, p370-379:


http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/committees/PRC/fourthq2001rev1/q4annexrev1.pdf


The Salmon Farm Monitor web-site also includes a link to these pages under Question 6 - "Is it true that supermarket salmon can contain pesticide residues?" - of 'The Key Questions' section:


http://www.salmonfarmmonitor.org/documents/questions.html

[4] Scottish Quality Salmon issued a press release - "Scottish Quality Salmon condemns anti-salmon protes - every 'fact' in anti-farming campaigners' leaflet is wrong" - on 18th October responding to the
launch of The Salmon Farm Monitor -
http://www.salmonfarmmonitor.org - web-site:
http://www.scottishsalmon.co.uk/mediacentre/index.html

This is not the first time Scottish Quality Salmon have been embarrassed over claiming facts were 'wrong'. Last year, SQS attacked Richard Girling of The Sunday Times in a press release entitled "Scottish Quality Salmon angered at scurrilous attack in The Sunday Times" (30th September 2001):
http://scottishsalmon.co.uk/mediareleases/011001a.html

Subsequently at the British Press Awards earlier this year he won the 'Specialist Writer of the Year Award' with a special mention for his article on Scottish Quality Salmon:

"Is this fish or is it foul? - Tuck into this: salmon's flesh is flushed with chemicals, not health, and its farming as cruel as that of any battery hen" (The Sunday Times, 30th September 2001)
http://www.fobhb.org/SundayTimes6.htm
http://www.fobhb.org/SundayTimes7.htm
http://www.fobhb.org/SundayTimes8.htm
http://www.fobhb.org/SundayTimes9.htm
http://www.fobhb.org/SundayTimes10.htm
http://www.fobhb.org/SundayTimes10.htm#girling

SQS also attacked the BBC documentary 'The Price of Salmon' (January 2001) over alleged inaccuracies in press releases headed "Scottish Quality Salmon comments on BBC documentary allegations", "Support for Scottish farmed salmon gathers in light of sensationalist BBC reporting" and "Lord Lindsay, chairman of Scottish Quality Salmon, lodges complaint with Broadcasting Standards Commission":
http://scottishsalmon.co.uk/mediareleases/1501.html

The BBC programme "The Price of Salmon" can be viewed at:


http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/programmes/tv/salmon/clips.stml

[SQS have 'up-dated' their web-site and these media releases are not available on the current site - if the above link does not work please contact Don Staniford:
don.staniford@virgin.net as most SQS media
releases are all on file]

Subsequent complaints re: the BBC programme by the salmon farming industry and the Food Standards Agency were thrown out by the Broadcasting Standards Commission and the BBC won Best Documentary at the British Environment and Media Awards (
http://www.bemas.org.uk) in October 2001 for fair and accurate reporting.

According to SQS, members of Scottish Quality Salmon can also comment on the Farm Salmon Protest Group, call Scottish Quality Salmon Farmers spokespeople:
Kirsty McCallum Ardvar Salmon 07740 106124
Ralph Baillie Salmon Management Company 07771 956925
Gilpin Bradley Wester Ross Salmon 07774 142062
Nick Joy Loch Duart Ltd 07775 854770
Ally Strachan Marine Harvest 01972 500226/8

For further information, call Julie Edgar, Scottish Quality Salmon Communications Director on 01738 587000 or 0789 987 5151


http://www.scottishsalmon.co.uk/mediacentre/index.html


For further information on The Salmon Farm Protest Group, contact details, a poster to hand out on the day and to find out where your nearest protest is please see The Salmon Farm Monitor:


http://www.salmonfarmmonitor.org